This project is currently in the preparing draft phase. If you would like to learn more about this project, you can review the final annotated outline.
Hybrid Satellite Networks (HSN) Cybersecurity
The space sector is transitioning away from traditional vertically integrated entities and towards an aggregation of independently owned and operated segments that create a space system. The HSN Architecture provides opportunity to be secure, scalable, responsive, resilient, and globally information centric. HSN are flexible which enables space to remain technologically relevant and trusted during times of rapid technological change as well as being adaptable to an increasing threat and contested space and terrestrial environment.
Cybersecurity Framework (CSF) Profile for Hybrid Satellite Networks
A Hybrid Satellite Network (HSN) utilizes multiple components in a terrestrial and space communications infrastructure to provide extended global communications and services across a diverse scope of connecting points. The HSN architecture may be a collection of independently owned satellites and/or payloads that communicate across disparate government and/or commercial networks. HSN system services may include satellite-based communications, position, navigation, and timing (PNT), remote sensing, weather monitoring, and imaging. These systems may interact with government systems and critical infrastructure (as defined by the Department of Homeland Security) as well as to provide a means of assessment. These systems may have varying levels of trust among different components, requiring frameworks for establishing confidentiality and integrity of individual components while still enabling availability of required shared services.
The HSN Architecture provides opportunity to be secure, scalable, responsive, resilient, and globally information centric. HSN are flexible which enables space to remain technologically relevant and trusted during times of rapid technological change as well as being adaptable to an increasing threat and contested space and terrestrial environment.
Working with industry stakeholders, the NCCoE developed the HSN Profile to provide practical cybersecurity guidance for commercial and non-commercial organizations and stakeholders engaged in the design, acquisition, and operation of satellite buses or payloads that involve HSN in a manner that is consistent with their risk tolerance.
Related NIST Publications
- NIST IR 8270 (2nd Draft)
This report provides a general introduction to cybersecurity risk management with a focus on the space vehicles. The report is intended to provide guidance to the commercial satellite industry in their efforts to manage cybersecurity risks in space.
- NIST IR 8323 Rev. 1 (Final)
This PNT Profile provides a flexible framework for users of PNT to manage risks when forming and using PNT signals and data, which are susceptible to disruptions and manipulations that can be natural, manufactured, intentional, or unintentional.
- NIST IR 8401 (Final)
This report applies the NIST Cybersecurity Framework to the ground segment of space operations with an emphasis on the command and control of satellite buses and payloads.
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